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如何在最後20天提高考研英語寫作句式

作文是各類英語考試中得分較低的一種題型,究其原因,除了平時缺少練習之外,同學們還缺乏作文得分技巧。同學們需要掌握一定的作文模闆和熟悉大量的話題作文,純模闆會很僵化缺乏彈性,而話題作文可以更好的拓展思維,例如話題寫作160篇裡的高分佳句很實用。考研英語寫作的提高需要大量細節的分析和磨練,其中一個重要的主題是關于英語創作的重要規律--seeking variety (追求語言豐富多變)。如何追求變化?跨考教育英語教研室張老師在此舉幾個具體的例子,從各種角度給出句型轉換的方式,提供一些思路。如果能在作文中設置一些詞彙和句型的閃光點,必定使你的作文如虎添翼。

  

  一、注意段首句式的變化

  圖畫作文的段首句往往是"如圖所示"或"從圖畫中可以看出"之類,下面為經常采用的一些句型:

  As is shown in the picture, 和As can be seen from the picture,是經常能看到的首句話,但是模闆迹象過于明顯,所以應該稍加升級,比如添加一些結構和修飾語:

  It is of considerable interest to see in the bizarre picture that…

  當然還可以添加一些引出話題的句子:

  No one can skip the issue of…(圖畫表現出來的意圖)。Just as what is illustrated in the above drawing,…

  二、适當用被動替換主動,這樣能更客觀地反映事實。

  句子開頭不要總是用we / I (比如寫結尾時不用we should pay attention to而用Attent

  ion should be paid to. ) 舉個經典結尾的例子:It is, therefore, high time that some applicable approaches were implemented by the service industry like that. By doing so,its competitive edge will be sharpened effectively。

  三、一句話用不同的句式來表達

  為了加強同學們對語法知識在寫作中的靈活應用,下面給出一句話的14種句式及語言

  調整的效果,内容上沒有太大差異,但是請同學們仔細辨别每句話所側重的句式:

  1.使用表語從句

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard, and being shocked at the message. The reason is that the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies"。

  2.使用介詞短語

  In the picture, two people are reading the announcement and they are being shocked at the message of "a sale of dead bodies" on a billboard。

  3.使用疑問句

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. Why are they so shocked? The reason is that the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies"。

  4.使用原因狀語從句

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. As the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies", they are shocked at the message。

  5.使用結果狀語從句

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. The billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" so that they are shocked at the message。

  6.使用時間狀語從句

  In the picture, while the two people are reading the announcement on the billboard about "a sale of the dead bodies", they are being deeply shocked。

  7.使用分詞短語

  In the picture, reading the message of a ‘sale of the dead bodies" advertised on the billboard, the two people are deeply shocked。

  8.使用主動語态

  In the picture, the announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" shocks the two people reading it。

  9.使用There be 結構

  In the picture, there is an announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" and shocking the two people reading it。

  10.使用倒裝句

  On a billboard is an announcement advertising a "sale of the dead bodies". The two people reading it are being shocked。

  11.使用定語從句

  In the picture, the announcement on a billboard which advertises a "sale of the dead bodies" shocks the two people reading it。

  12.強調句

  In the picture, it is the announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" that shocks the two people reading it。

  13.虛拟語氣

  In the picture, were it not for the announcement on the billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies", the two people would not be so shocked。

  14. 盡量複雜作文中的句式

  It is of considerable interest to observe in this bizarre caricature that a couple of citizens, reading an announcement issued on the billboard, are taken aback as a result of the astounding message which informs people of a "sale of dead bodies"。

  句中使用的詞組包括:be of considerable interest, a couple of, taken aback, as a result of, inform sb. of

  長句采用的特殊語法包括:賓語從句+分詞結構做插入語+分詞作後置定語(issued)+被動語态+原因短語+定語從句。

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